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Quadrennial Defense Review

Internet Resources


Department of Defense

Quadrennial Defense Review Report 2006

Quadrennial Defense Review Report 2001


National Defense Panel
Includes National Defense Panel report “Transforming Defense: National Security in the 21st Century” and the NDP assessment of the QDR.


The QDR Page, A Compendium of Online Resources about U.S. Defense Strategy, Force Planning, and Policy Reviews
The largest and most comprehensive website on the QDR, sponsored by the Project on Defense Alternatives at the Commonwealth Institute in Cambridge, MA.

Books and Documents

Check online catalog for availability of these books.

Cohen, William, John Shalikashvili, and Jim Lehrer. Department of Defense Newsmakers. Transcript. Online NewsHour. Public Broadcasting Service. May 19, 1997.

Conetta, Carl, and Charles Knight. Backwards into the Future: How the Quadrennial Defense Review Prepares America for the Wrong Century. Cambridge, MA, Project on Defense Alternatives, 1997. 22 p.
Call no.: US23.3 .R477 1997

Condray, Patrick M. Charting the Nation’s Course: Strategic Planning Processes in the 1952-53 “New Look” and the 1996-97 Quadrennial Defense Review. Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, Air University, 1999. 56 p.
Call no.: U153 .C6 1999

Davis, Paul K., Richard L. Kugler, and Richard J. Hillestad. Strategic Issues and Options for the Quadrennial Defense Review. Rand Documented Briefing DB-201-OSD. Santa Monica, CA, Rand Corporation, 1997. 55 p.
Call no.: Q180 .A1 R2 no. 201

Metz, Steven. American Strategy Issues and Alternatives for the Quadrennial Defense Review. DTIC report no. ADA385275. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College Strategic Studies Institute, 2000. 137 p.
Call no.: UA23 .M47 2000

QDR Analysis: Lessons Learned and Future Directions Mini-symposium, 7-9 April 1998, Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Laboratory, Baltimore, Maryland. DTIC report no. ADA3865752. Alexandria, VA, Military Operations Research Society, 1999. 1 volume.
Call no.: U260 .K65 1999

Quadrennial Defense Review: From 1997-2001. DTIC report no. ADA381549. Arlington, VA, Association of the United States Army, 2000. 4 p.
Call no.: UA23.3 .Q84 2000

Schrader, John Y., Leslie Lewis, and Roger Allen Brown. Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) Analysis: a Retrospective Look at Joint Staff Participation. Rand Documented Briefing DB-236-JS, DTIC report no. ADA360825. Santa Monica, CA, Rand Corporation, 1999. 106 p.
Call no.: Q180 .A1 R2 no. 236

Thomason, James S., etc. al. Quadrennial Review Process: Lessons Learned from the 1997 Review and Options for the Future. DTIC report no. ADA355228. Alexandria, VA, Institute for Defense Analyses, 1998. 181 p.
Call no.: UA23.3 .Q83 1998

United States. Congress. House. Committee on National Security. National Security Report: Background and Perspective on Important National Security and Defense Policy Issues. Volume 1, Issue 4. A Look Ahead atthe Quadrennial Defense Review. DTIC report no. ADA377564. Washington, DC. House National Security Committee, 1997. 4 p.
Call no.: UA23.3 .N26 1997

United States. Congress. House. Committee on National Security. Reserve Component Issues from the Quadrennial Defense Review: Hearing Before the Military Personnel Subcommittee of the Committee on National Security, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, First Session, Hearing Held July 29, 1997. H.N.S.C. 105-19. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998. 192 p.
Call no.: SuDocs

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Armed Services. Quadrennial Defense Review: Hearing Before the Committee on Armed Services, United States Senate, One Hundred Fifth Congress, First Session, May 20 and 21, 1997. Senate Hearing 105-197. Washington, DC, U.S.  Government Printing Office, 1997. 200 p.
Call no.: SuDocs

United States. Department of Defense. Report of the Quadrennial Defense Review. DTIC report no. ADA326554. Washington, DC, U.S. Dept. of Defense, 1997. 69 p.
Call no. : UA23.3 .R475 1997

United States. General Accounting Office. Quadrennial Defense Review: Some Personnel Cuts and Associated Savings May Not Be Achieved. Report no. GAO/NSIAD-98-100. Washington, DC, U.S. General Accounting Office, 1998. 43 p.
Call no.: UA23.3 .R477 1998

Vickers, Michael G. and Steven M. Kosiak. The Quadrennial Defense Review, an Assessment. Washington, DC, Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, 1997. 31p.
Call no.: UA23.3 .V52 1997


Barnes, Frederick H. “QDR (Quadrennial Defense Review) and the Likely Impact of US Defences.” Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy, Nov.-Dec. 1997, v. 25, no. 11-12, p. 16-17.

De Czege, Huba Wass. “Precision Decisions: To Build a Balanced Force, the QDR (Quadrennial Defense Review) Might Consider These Four Propositions.” Armed Forces Journal International, Oct. 2000, v. 138, no. 3, p. 54.

Isenberg, David. “The Quadrennial Defense Review: Reiterating the Tired Status Quo.” Cato Policy Analysis, Sept.17, 1998, no. 317.

Lewis, Leslie. “Quadrennial Defense Review 2001: Managing Change in the Department of Defense.” National Security Studies Quarterly, Autumn 2000, v. 6, no. 4, p. 71-94.

Patterson, Kristin. “QDR (Quadrennial Defense Review).” National Guard, Sept. 2000, v. 54, no. 9, p. 28-31.

Roosevelt, Ann. “2001 QDR: First of a Series; Army QDR: of Forces, Resources, and Risk.” Defense Week, Jan. 2, 2001, v. 22, no. 1, p. 1; 6-7.

Roosevelt, Ann. “2001 QDR: Second in a Series; Air Force QDR, America’s New 911 Force?” Defense Week, Jan. 8, 2001, v. 22, no. 2, p. 1; 6-7.

Roosevelt, Ann. “2001 QDR: Last of a Series.” Defense Week, Jan. 29, 2001, v. 22, no. 5, p. 1; 7- 8.

Snodgrass, David E. “The QDR (Quadrennial Defense Review): Improve the Process to Improve the Product.” Parameters, Spring 2000, v. 30, no. 1, p. 57- 68.

Tirpak, John A. “The Needs of the Force: the Chief Sums Up the Air Force’s Situation Heading into the Quadrennial Defense Review.”  Air Force Magazine, Sept. 2000, v. 83, no. 9, p. 40-45.

Tirpak, John A. “Projections from the QDR”. Air Force Magazine, Aug. 1997, v. 80, no. 8., p. 42-49.

Wilson, George C. “Inside Moves: as Another Quadrennial Defense Review Looms, an Excerpt from a New Book Looks at What Went Wrong with the Last One.” Air Force Times, Sept. 27, 1999, v. 60, no. 8, p. 16-18.


Turner, Carolyn S. Quadrennial Defense Review: a Bibliography. Washington, DC, National Defense University Library, 1997. 26 p.
Call no.: UA23.3 .R476 1997