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Global Strategic Assessment: Chapter 5
Fragile States and Ungoverned Spaces

Nomads watering camels in Sudan

| Sovereignty | Ungoverned Spaces | Migration | Pandemics |
| State Failures | Contingencies | Library Resources |


Fragile States 2009 Failed States Index (Fund for Peace)

Crisis States Research Centre (London School of Economics)

DRC: Fragile States – Halting the Slide Toward Failure (Pulitzer Center)

Fragile States (Center for Global Development)

Fragile States (Governance and Social Development Resource Centre)

Fragile States and Australia’s Aid Program (Australia Aid Program)

Fragile States Facility (African Development Bank Group)

International Network on Conflict and Fragility (OECD)

Piracy Horn of Africa Piracy (Maritime Administration U.S. Department of Transportation)

International Maritime Bureau Piracy Reporting Center (International Chamber of Commerce)

Maritime Security Center – Horn of Africa (EU NAVFOR)

Piracy Off the Coast of Africa (Library Staff National Defense University Compilation)

Transnational Organized Crime United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime)

Reports Index of State Weakness in the Developing World (Brookings)
Index of State Weakness in the Developing World was designed to provide policy-makers and researchers with a credible tool for analyzing and understanding the world's most vulnerable countries.


Cockayne, James and Adam Lupel. "Introduction: Rethinking the Relationship Between Peace Operations and Organized Crime." International Peacekeeping (13533312) 16.1 (2009): 4-19. (EBSCO: Military & Government Collection).

Gei, R. "Armed Violence in Fragile States: Low-intensity Conflicts, Spillover Conflicts, and Sporadic Law Enforcement Operations by Third Parties. " International Review of the Red Cross : Typology of Armed Conflicts 91.873 (2009): 127-142. (ProQuest: Research Library).

Patrick, Stewart. "'Failed' States and Global Security: Empirical Questions and Policy Dilemmas." International Studies Review 9.4 (2007): 644-662. (Academic Search Complete. EBSCO) Web. 26 May 2010.

Schweers, P. "Safe Havens.” Diplomatic Courier (1 Apr. 2010): (ProQuest Central, ProQuest).


II. Ungoverned Spaces

Banerjee, Nipa. "Peace Building and Development in the Fragile State of Afghanistan", Afghanistan: Transition under Threat, 2008.

Clunan, Anne L. and Harold Trinkunas. “Ungoverned Spaces? Alternatives to State Authority in an Era of Softened Sovereignty” The International Studies Association 48th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, March 26-30, 2008.

Center for Strategic and International Studies, Building Capacity and Legitimacy: U.S. Policy Towards Ungoverned Spaces.

François, Monika and Sud, Inder. "Promoting Stability and Development in Fragile and Failed States". Development Policy Review, 24.2 (March 2006): 141-160. (Academic Search Complete)

Lamb, Robert D. "Ungoverned Areas and Threats from Safe Havens", Office of The Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Policy Planning, Washington, DC, 2008.

Menkhaus, Ken. “Deteriorating Governance: Observations from the Horn of Africa” World Bank Headline Seminar on Deteriorating Governance, Washington, 8th April 2009.

Patrick, Stewart M. "Are 'Ungoverned Spaces' a Threat?", Council on Foreign Relations, January 11, 2010 .

Patricks, Stewart, "U.S. Policy toward Fragile States: An Integrated Approach to Security and Development" White House and the World, Center for Global Development, 2008, pp. 327-54.

Rabasa, Angela et al. "Ungoverned Territories: Understanding and Reducing Terrorism Risk" (.pdf), Rand Corporation, 2007.

Stanislawski, Bartosz H. "Para-States, Quasi-States, and Black Spots: Perhaps Not States, But Not “Ungoverned Territories"." International Studies Review, 10.2 (June 2008): 366-396. (Academic Search Complete)


III. Migration

Forced Migration  

Crisis States Research Centre, London School of Economics

Forced Migration Review (Also avaible via Library Intranet)


Montclos, Marc-Antoine Perouse de.  "Humanitarian Aid, War, Exodus, and Reconstruction of Identities: a Case Study of Somali Minority Refugees in Kenya".  Nationalism and Ethnic Politics  14 (2008): 289-321.  (Academic Search Complete)

Corlett, David. " Time to Plan for Migration Forced by Climate Change".  Eureka Street.  17.10 (31 May 2007): 25-27.  (Academic Search Complete)

Editorial.  Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.  25.2 (April 1999): 181.  (Academic Search Complete).

Khadka, Shingha Bahadur.  "Social Mobilisation in IDP Camps in Pakistan".   Forced Migration Review.  Issue 34 (Feb. 2010): 64-65.  (Academic Search Complete)

Decore, Filiep, Ombretta Tempra.  "Improving Living Conditions in Bossaso, Somalia".  Forced Migration Review. Issue 34 (Feb. 2010): 16-18.  (Academic Search Complete)

Zetter, Roger and George Deikun.  "Meeting Humanitarian Challenges in Urban Areas".  Forced Migration Review.  Issue 34 (Feb. 2010): 5-7.  (Academic Search Complete)
Misago, Jean-Pierrel and Tamlyn Monson.  "Non-nationals Displaced in South Africa".  Forced Migration Review. Issue 34 (Feb. 2010): 62-64.  (Academic Search Complete)

"National Security and the Threat of Climate Change".  Future Survey. 29.7 (July 2007): 6. (Academic Search Complete)

Corlett, David.  "Time to Plan for Migration Forced by Climate Change".  Eureka Street. 17.10 (31 May 2007): 25-27. (Academic Search Complete)


IV. Pandemics

Greger, Michael. Bird Flu : a virus of our own hatching, 2006.

US Department of Health & Human Services:
CDC Resources for Pandemic Flu
Critical Infrastructure Protection
Pandemic Influenza Plan
Ready.gov: Influenza Pandemic

World Health Organization:
Regional Office for Africa, AIDS, TB & Malaria Cluster
Regional Office for SE Asia, Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response
WHO International Health Regulations (IHR)

International Conflict Management Publications


MIT World: Global Pandemics (video)

Pandemics – Take Part Social Action Network


National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases



Elite_E_Services, “Economic Stagnation, Wars, Pandemics, Welcome to the The New Dark Age.” Market Oracle (24 Jan 2010).

Getting Beyond Getting Ready for Pandemic Influenza”.  Committee on Homeland Security Report Prepared by the Majority Staff, January 2009.

Hsieh, Ying-Hen; Cathy W.S. Chen, and Sze-Bi Hsu.  “SARS Outbreak, Taiwan, 2003.” CDC.

Key Facts About Avian Influenza (Bird Flu) and Avian Influenza A (H5N1) Virus.” CDC.

Pandemic Influenza”.  Homeland Security.

Stern, Alexandra and Howard Markel.  “Influenza Pandemic.” The Hastings Center.

Wilson, Kumanan, Barbara von Tigerstrom, and Christopher McDougall  “Protecting Global Health Security Through the International Health Regulations:  Requirements and Challenges."  CMAJ, July 1, 2008.

Yao, Deborah, “Fighting Pandemics Like Swine Flu in Digital Age.” MSNBC February 15, 2010.


V.State Failures

Noam Chomsky on Failed States: The Abuse of Power and the Assault of Democracy

DFID: India

Dennis C. Blair, Director of National Intelligence, "Annual Threat Assessment of the US Intelligence Community for the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence", February 2, 2010

Failed States: the Book

2009 Failed States Index. Foreign Policy

Fund for Peace

Stewart, F., Fragile States: A Working Paper



Emergency Response:

Huggett, Jon, Katie Smith Milwey and Kirk Kramer.  “Increasing Effectiveness in Global NGO Networks”. June 26, 2009. 

UN: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

International Committee of the Red Cross

Indian Red Cross Society

Global Envision: the Confluence of Global Markets and Poverty Alleviation / Humanitarian Aid

USAID : Food For Peace

World Vision

Capacity Building:

Center for Civil-Military Relations

Military Quick Impact/Contingency Funding

UN: Quick Impact Projects

Capacity Building: Catholic Relief Services

Earthwatch: Why is Capacity Building so Important?

WorldBank: Building Capacity in Fragile States



Pentagon Library Resources

Pentagon Library Book Title List (.pdf)

Suggested Databases for Further Research:
(Available via Library Intranet)

  • ABI INFORM Global
  • Academic Search Complete
  • Business Search Complete
  • CIAO: Columbia International Affairs Online
  • Ebsco Host
  • Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU)
  • Gale
  • GAO Reports
  • GPO
  • International Relations & Security Network
  • JSTOR: Business
  • Lexis-Nexis (Contact a Librarian)
  • Newsbank
  • NTIS
  • Praeger Security International
  • Proquest
  • Rand Requests
  • Regional Business News
  • Wilson Web


Last updated May 2010

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