Last updated: 9/23/2015
A furlough is the placement of an employee into a non-pay, non-work status due to lack of funds or lack of work. Furlough is not a viable option if an agency finds it is faced with a continuing, rather than temporary, lack of work and/or funds (e.g., an agency may furlough an employee under RIF regulations only when the agency plans to recall the employee to duty within one year in the position the employee held when furloughed (5 CFR 351.604)).
An unplanned (i.e., "shutdown" or "emergency" (lapse of funds)) furlough happens when an agency no longer has the necessary funds to operate and must curtail those activities which are not "excepted" by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. Typically, an agency has very little to no lead time to plan and implement a shutdown furlough.
DCPAS's general information and FAQs on shutdown furloughs can be found here.
OPM's general information on shutdown furloughs can be found here.
This web page will be updated with additional information as appropriate.